Mustafa Kemal Atatürkün katıldığı Savaşlar İngilizce

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Atatürkün savaşları ingilizce
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Atatürkün katıldığı savaşlar İngilizce

Balkan Wars

Mustafa Kemal Bey, the outbreak of the Balkan Wars and 24 November 1912 24 October 1912, moved to Istanbul in the Bahr-i Sefit karahgâhı Bolayır'da Strait (Mediterranean Sea Strait) was appointed Director of Branch Operations Kuvayi Mürettebesi. Bulgarian Stilian Georgiev 4 under the command of General Kovachev Was defeated by the Army. Second Balkan War started in June 1913, entered Dimetoka and Edirne.

27 October 1913, appointing a close friend of Sofia Sofia Military Ataşeliği'ne Ambassador (Ambassador), Fethi (Okyar) 's worked under. Additional duties as strict in Belgrade and also served as Military Ataşeliğini. While at this post on March 1, 1914 Lieutenant Governor (Colonel) rose liga.

The First World War

Military Attache duty ended in January 1915. In the meantime, 28 July 1914 I. World War II began, the Ottoman Empire entered the war on October 29, 1914. January 20, 1915, Mustafa Kemal Bey 3.Kolordu to be established under the command of the 19th Tekfurdağ'da Appointed Commander in Chief of division. [6]

19. Division, 23 March 1915 by order of Fortress Command was prudential in Eceabat. Allied forces land at Gallipoli Peninsula on 25 April 1915 Battle of Gallipoli began his çıkartmalarıyla. Mehmet Esat Pasha, who fought under the command of Governor 3.Kolordu commander (Lieutenant Colonel), Mustafa Kemal landed at Arıburnu the ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) troops into the peninsula, the progress stopped. This success is the commander on the 5.Ordu Sender (Marshal), Otto Liman von Sanders Pasha won the admiration and 1 June 1915, Colonel (Col) rose liga. [6] British Suvla Bay in August, after removing his second, on August 8 Otto Liman von Sanders in the evening of Anzac area and 9-10 August, gave the command of the Anzac troops won a victory. This victory on 17 August and 21 August, II Kirectepe. Anafartalar victory followed. Colonel (Col.), Mustafa Kemal Bey, Rusen Ashraf Bey (Ünaydın), mainly by the press in Istanbul "Anafartalar Hero" as introduced to the public.

14 January 1916, Edirne, Gallipoli is intended for the 16th Appointed commander of the Corps. Edirne, during the period of 2 months until the 16th Corps supply, recovery and was interested in education. Eastern Front, Russian troops of the Ottoman 3 Erzurum outskirts of the Army on February 16, 3 March, Bitlis, Mus, Van and Hakkari occupied. Colonel Mustafa Kemal, on 3 March 15 To support the 16th Army under the command of With the Corps sent to Diyarbakir. According to him the rank of the 16th a heavy responsibility 1 April 1916, when Mustafa Kemal, commander of the Corps in Diyarbakir Tuğgeneralliğe (Mirliva) was upgraded and received the title of Pasha. Mustafa Kemal ordered a tactical retreat. Then, an unexpected attack by the Russians, freeing the Ottoman briliklerine strategic excels Mus. Due to the success of the Caucasian front, this medal was awarded with the Golden Kilci. Fully recovered from the Russian invasion in August, Mus and Bitlis.

Diyarbekir headquarters on March 7, 1917, he started in the Hijaz Kuuveyi Seferiyesi Vekilliliğine 2.Ordu Commander Commander was asked to be brought. But it refused on July 5, 1917 he was appointed Commander of Lightning Group of Armies under the command 7.Ordu. [6]

During this task, along with Ahmet Cemal Pasha, Enver Pasha, Deputy Commander in Chief in the war against the country he believes the disaster drags was accused of preparing a military coup. [Citation] by taking The administrator called in to Istanbul.

December 15, 1917 to January 5, 1918 between the Crown Vahid Efendi's entourage by going to Germany II.Wilhelm Keiser, visited General Headquarters and the Elsass region.

Vienna in June 1918 and (current name of the Karlovy Vary) Karlsbad'a increasingly were treated. The death of the Sultan and Vahdettin cülusu Reşat'ın returned to Istanbul on August 2. On August 15, and then was appointed Honorary Yaver 7.Ordu Prophet as the Commander of the Palestinian Front Shahriar (Sultan's Honorary Aide) was granted. Mustafa Kemal Pasha, on September 20, 1918 VI.Mehmet (Vahid) 's başyaveri Naci (hand) sent a telegram to Mr. Yildirim Army Group, to ask truce suggested declaring war kalmadığını power. In addition, the new government that he wanted the appointment as Deputy Minister of War and Commander in Chief [14]. Then, on 6 October 7 The army commander has resigned.

19 September 1918, Allied forces under the command of General Allenby Yildirim Army Group, consisting of a heavy attack from the army through the three defeated defeated. 1 October, Damascus, Aleppo fell on 25 October.

October 30, 1918 Armistice Armistice was signed and came into force at the noon the next day. 19th Armistice Mütarekenamesi According to the article, Yildirim Army Group commander, Otto Liman von Sanders, Mustafa Kemal Pasha, on the dismissal was brought to this task. However, with the 7.Ordu Yildirim Army Group was dissolved on November 7. [15]

Kıt'alarının command of the Commander of the Lightning on November 10, 1918 2.Ordu from Adana to Istanbul, leaving Nihat Pasha moved to Istanbul and Haydarpasa Station on November 13 reached. Haydarpasa Istanbul, crossing enemy warships anchored in the throat when you see the famous "expenses, such as they have come," he said. Fethi (Okyar) along with Ahmed Izzet (Furgaç) pro-and Ahmet Tevfik Pasha Pasha (Okday) an anti-political initiatives by removing the attitude of the newspaper showing Pulpit found.

War of National Struggle

Jamal Pasha, the Ottoman armies in the east of Mersin on February 2, 1919 according to the terms of truce was sent to Anatolia as inspector to edit. British High Commissioner Admiral Calthorpe, and the French High Commissioner, Admiral Amet, in November of 1919 the Ottoman government gave the note. Christians in the east of the Turks killed up arms and demanded to take measures against it. Mustafa Kemal Pasha, the Sultan VI.Mehmet (Vahid) by the occupation forces, equipped with extraordinary authority in accordance with High Commissioners from the notes of the County-Sitta (Six County) at the Christian was appointed to protect the population. May 19 1919, Rafet Bey (Bele), Kazim Bey (Dirik), 'MONTHLY' Mehmet Arif Bey Bey Husrev (Gerede) with NSAIDs came to Samsun.

Anatolia after the Armistice Armistice militias (National Forces) in the form of organized resistance movements had begun. June 22, 1919 Rauf (Orbay), Kazim Karabekir, Rafet Bey (Bele), and Ali Fuat Pasha (Cebesoy) issued the Amasya Circular together with "the nation's determination and decision will restore the nation's independence," declared. Pasha Karabekir collected by the Eastern Provinces Defence of Rights Congress of Erzurum (Erzurum Congress) attended. [16] the Ottoman army, resigned at the insistence of members of Congress and was elected president of the Congress. 4 to 11 September 1919 in Sivas Congress gathered between built areas of the political set up to manage the national resistance. December 27, 1919 in Ankara, met with great enthusiasm. Pressing the occupation forces of the Ottoman Parliament and leading vatanperverane Mebusan'ın March 1920 arrest of deputies on 23 April 1920, he held the Grand National Assembly in Ankara, Turkey. His capacity as Chair of the Assembly and the Government was elected deputy of Erzurum. Parliament as a constituent assembly, the Anatolia contracted to carry out infrastructure work has established the National Struggle.

Kuva-t distributed organizations of the National Center for remote inspection of a regular army was created. The most bloody conflicts of the National Struggle, agreed to participate in the regular army was not against the Kuva-t Nationalist groups.

Encounter resistance to the spread of resistance and on the National Entente States of the Treaty of Sevres, drove into the Greek army in Anatolia. [Citation needed] The Greek army, commanded by Ismet regular birliklerce I. Inönü (6-10 January 1921) and II. Inönü (23 March-1 April 1921) Battles rejected. But the Greeks assault to do great predict the direction of Karahisar edemeyerek Kütahya-Eskişehir (July 10 to 24) Battles 4 Division Commander, Lieutenant-Colonel Mehmet Nazim Bey, a martyr to the heavy defeat suffered as fall and was forced to withdraw east of the Sakarya River.

Kutahya-Eskisehir Battles to power after the Grand National Assembly that in response to Mustafa Kemal Pasha began to increase. This opposition to Mustafa Kemal Pasha to head the army yöneltenler began printing. Ankara away from Him and the power of the true intentions of Enver Pasha Kemal Pasha sağlamaktı.Mustafa, 4 Ağustos1921 his speech on the Grand National Assembly has agreed to become supreme commander of the military powers of the Assembly to be useful, but başkumandanlığının three months Removing the need to gather itself for a law açıkladı.Paşa of dreams in this way those who want to başkumandanlığını oldu.5 lowered into the water extracted by the law unanimously on August 1921, Mustafa Kemal Pasha, the Grand National Assembly was Başkumandanlığı'na Armies. [17]

Mustafa Kemal Pasha, published immediately after the passing Başkumandanlığa Tekalif-i Milli mobilization orders for equipping the army with the people doing the inspection Polatli çağırdı.12 August fell from his horse and broken ribs. Held on 23 August to 13 September 1921 attack power out of the Sakarya War, the Greek Army. After this victory on Sept. 19, 1921, Commander in Chief of the Grand National Assembly Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha the title and gave the rank of sender.

War of Independence, July 24, 1923 Lausanne, Switzerland (Lausanne) resulted in the Lausanne Treaty was signed in the city. With this treaty, the Treaty of Sevres, abolished the Republic of Turkey was established on the foundations of the Treaty of Lausanne.

National Movement emerged in Turkey after a two-headed management. [Citation]. Parliament on November 1, 1922, the Ottoman reign Vahdettin lağvedip government was overthrown by downloading the legal presence of Istanbul ended. January 16, 1923 interview with journalists from Istanbul to Izmit Mansion when the royal editor of Time Ahmet Emin Bey (Yalman) to the question about the Kurdish issue 'in itself rather than a wormy imagine, we already kind of in accordance with the Law of Fundamental Organization will be formed of local autonomy 'to recognize a special status, saying the Kurds cautious [18].

8 April 1923, published by Nine Law System of the People's Party will form the basis of Gazi Mustafa Kemal laid the foundations for the new regime. In April, the second parliamentary elections were only allowed to join the People's Party. Candidates for deputy in his capacity as chairman of division was determined by Mustafa Kemal.

On October 25, 1923 at the same time served as both Prime Minister and the Ministry of Interior Fethi Bey, left the Interior Ministry announced. Chairmanship of the Assembly the same day, the second to Ali Fuat Pasha was appointed inspector of the army resigned. This is for two empty seats of the deputies of the opposition won the election of Gazi Mustafa Kemal. Second President of the Assembly Rauf Bey, the Ministry of Interior have been selected hard. Gazi Mustafa Kemal was not happy with this situation, 26 October 1923, Prime Minister Fethi Bey, "Erkan-i Harbiye preside over the General Attorney" out of Fevzi Pasha, the government not to accept the resignation and the resignation of those who wanted to re-seçilirlerse task. Thus was created a government crisis. New members of the council of ministers elected on October 29 was announced.